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Bombardier Aerospace

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Jets & Planes Manufacturers
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Year Creation
1986
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About Bombardier Aerospace


Established: 1986

Bombardier Aerospace is a subsidiary of the Bombardier Group. It is the third employer and seller in the aeronautical construction sector after Boeing and Airbus. Until 2018, it was the fourth in terms of numbers of commercial aircraft produced annually after Boeing, Airbus and Embraer but since then, the company has divested itself of several activity sectors including amphibious aircraft, turbo propellers, and CSeries as a result of the financial problems it caused him.

HISTORY

Creation

Bombardier's aeronautical division was founded when the Canadair company was purchased in 1986. This aircraft manufacturer was born in the 1920s by Vickers for the production of bush planes. During the Second World War, military aircraft were produced in Canada, including the Canso. The ancestor of General Dynamics bought it after the war and it prospered in the field of military aircraft. However, a falling market led the Canadian government to become the owner of the business during the 1970s in order to keep this business from a cutting-edge domain in Quebec.

Under the new administration, there was an evolution towards civil aviation. The aircraft manufacturer, however, amassed a record loss for a Canadian company despite the successful sale of the Challenger 600 series due to the economic recession of the early 1980s. The government had to keep it open so as not to repeat the disaster of the Avro CF-105 Arrow, which had already been very expensive in this area in Canada. It also had to silence Quebec sovereignists, who were always ready to point out the imbalances in the federal government's aid to the provinces. Bombardier, a Quebec company, offered the best guarantee of keeping the company in operation

Acquisitions

Bombardier restored Canadair's profitability. It continued its acquisitions and created a reputation for buying companies in financial difficulty at low prices and putting them back on the right track. In 1989, Bombardier Aerospace bought Short Brothers, an aircraft manufacturer from Belfast, Northern Ireland, practically bankrupt. In 1990, it was the turn of the Learjet Company of Wichita, Kansas and its well-known business jet. In 1992, De Havilland Canada, a declining subsidiary of Boeing, completed the table.

Events of September 2001

The attacks of September 11, 2001, dealt a severe blow to the aviation industry. Coupled with an economic recession, these attacks greatly reduced the number of passengers. Bombardier Aerospace had a few difficult years which led to a reorganization. In total, Bombardier had to cut approximately 10,000 jobs, including more than 2,000 in Montreal.

From 2004, the economic recovery made it possible to increase the production of apparatuses. Employment in the sector, of which Bombardier accounts for 40% in the Montreal region, returned to the levels it experienced before September 11, 2001.

Problems with the Q-400

In January 2000, Scandinavian Airlines (SAS) was the first company to commercially operate the Q400. One aircraft in Aalborg, September 9, 2007, as well as another, diverted to Vilnius on September 12, 2007, made emergency landings following a failure of the main landing gear lockout. Following these two incidents, the SAS temporarily suspended the operation of its Q400s. It carried out a complete inspection of the landing gear, and the systematic replacement of a part likely to be affected by corrosion. On 27 October 2007, a Q400 SAS is forced, because of a malfunction of the main landing gear, to make an emergency landing at Copenhagen. This third incident was different from the previous two, however, because of a poorly placed seal.

The following day, the SAS announced its decision to stop operating its Q400 fleet, made up of 27 planes in total and contributing, according to it, to approximately 5% of the company's passenger traffic. She claimed that the Dash 8-Q400 had caused "quality" problems repeatedly and that these incidents caused delays on the lines where the aircraft was operated.

The main landing gear of the Dash 8-Q400 is manufactured by the American company Goodrich, and its installation is carried out by Bombardier. Following the problems encountered by SAS, these two manufacturers reacted by initiating verification procedures, which however confirmed the reliability of this equipment. The surveys tend to question the maintenance of the devices carried out by SAS, and not their design.

On November 15, 2007, SAS claimed compensation of US $ 78.3 million from Bombardier for the cost of the first two incidents. In 2008, SAS was the only one of twenty-four companies to stop operating the Q400. In March 2008, SAS concluded an agreement with Bombardier comprising both financial compensation and an order for new aircraft, including fourteen Q400s equipped with modified landing gear (NextGen). In August 2009, Bombardier announced the signing of a delivery contract for five US $ 159 million Q400 NextGen with an undisclosed buyer.

CSeries

Bombardier was planning a new 85 to 120 seat aircraft for the CRJs. It was the BRJ-X project which was abandoned in favor of the CRJ-900 , an extension to 90 places of the previous model, and the CRJ-1000 of 100 places was announced on February 18, 2006, still derived from the same model basic.

In the meantime, the BRJ-X project was renamed the Bombardier CSeries (C Series) project in July 2004, a brand new family of jets from 110 to 149 passengers. With this new aircraft, Bombardier would enter a new market segment, that occupied by Boeing and Airbus. The company hoped to introduce this new product in 2010 and therefore began to probe the market for potential customers in March 2005. In May 2005, Bombardier obtained a financing agreement from the governments of Quebec ( CAD 117 million ), Canada ( CAD 350 million ) and the United Kingdom ( £ 113 million )) for this project. The pieces would be produced at Canadair in Montreal and Short Brothers in Belfast. The location for the final assembly was not yet determined, but the company already has such facilities near Montreal-Mirabel International Airport, north of Montreal, which was the most likely location.

After years of suspense and hesitation, Bombardier has announced the July 13, 2008, at the Farnborough Air Show, which the C-Series aircraft would see the light of day and that the final assembly of the aircraft would be done in Mirabel, Quebec, the fuselage of the aircraft will be built in China, while its facilities in Belfast, in Northern Ireland, will take care of the wings. Bombardier's Canadair plant in the Saint-Laurent borough in Montreal will build the rear fuselage and the cockpit. Entry into service is scheduled for 2013. The approximate value of each aircraft is $ 46.7 million. The total investment will be 2.6 billionCAD in the development, a third of which will come from Bombardier, a third of suppliers and a third of governments. The spinoffs in Quebec will be 1,000 jobs by 2013 and 3,500 during peak production, around 2017.

Lufthansa signed in July 2008 a letter of interest providing for up to 60 aircraft, including 30 options. The announcement of the signing of the first firm order was made on March 11, 2009. Lufthansa orders 30 aircraft there and takes options on 30 other aircraft, as in the letter of intent. Lufthansa's subsidiary, Swiss International Air Lines, will operate these aircraft. The agreement is worth nearly 2 billion USD. Bombardier Aerospace also announced the adoption of new model designations for this range of aircraft: the 110-seat aircraft, previously known as the C110, becomes the CS100 and the 130-seat aircraft becomes the CS300.

On September 26, 2017, the United States Department of Commerce (DOC) imposed preliminary countervailing duties of nearly 220 percent on CSeries aircraft following a request from aircraft manufacturer Boeing, although the aircraft manufacturer did not any aircraft in this niche, nor even a bid for the sale of such aircraft to Delta Air Lines, taking advantage of the protectionist fervor created by President Donald Trump to get rid of a potential competitor.

On October 16, 2017, Airbus announced the acquisition of a majority of the C-Series shares from Bombardier. Airbus will own 50.01% of the program while Bombardier and the Government of Quebec will have approximately 31% and 19% respectively. The agreement provides a guarantee for the maintenance in Quebec of the CSeries head office, previously held jointly by Quebec and Bombardier, as well as the final assembly carried out in Mirabel. A second final assembly line would be set up in Mobile, Alabama, to supply American customers, thereby avoiding the countervailing and anti-dumping duties that the United States government wishes to impose on the program.

In February 2020, Airbus announced the acquisition of Bombardier's remaining 25% stake in the A220 program, increasing its stake to 75%, for C $ 591 million, the rest belonging to the Government of Quebec.

Production

Bombardier has many factories around the world, directly or with its subsidiaries ( Canadair and De Havilland ) in Canada, ( Learjet ) in the United States and ( Short Brothers ) in Northern Ireland. On February 7, 2013, Bombardier announced the start of production at its transitional plant in Morocco. After a graduation ceremony held on 1 st February at the Institute of Aviation Trades (IMA), 18 fitters began production of the first Bombardier components out of its Moroccan plant 15 . The number of jobs planned by Bombardier was expected to reach 850 people in this plant in 2020.

Restructuring of 2018

November 8, 2018, Bombardier has announced two transactions allowing it to raise approximately US $ 900 million, namely the sale of the Q series to Viking Air (US $ 300 million) and the transfer of its activities concerning the training of technicians and pilots for its airplanes. business at the Quebec multinational CAE (US $ 645 million).

Bombardier, which had already sold its seaplane division ( CL-215 , CL-215T and CL-415 ) to Viking in June 2016 , then sold in 2017 a majority stake in the CSeries to Airbus , among others, planned to redeploy engineers to its sector business jets.

In June 2019, Bombardier announces the sale of its CRJ series to Mitsubishi Heavy Industries for $ 550 million.

Activities

Bombardier Aerospace is, therefore, a conglomerate manufacturing various types of aircraft and aeronautical parts. It builds jet business at a very long-range, regional jets under 100 seats, passenger aircraft turboprop for short distances and short runways, water bombers and provides parts and services military aviation. C-Series aircraft, scheduled for 2013, will be able to carry up to 149 passengers.

In 2008, Bombardier Aerospace employed 28,000 people, including 13,600 in Quebec, and generated sales of US $ 8.2 billion annually. It annually invests 173 million dollars in research and development and employs 957 engineers, making the largest employer of engineers in Quebec.

The Challenger aircraft was developed by Canadair and include the Challenger 300, Global 5000 or Global Express and the CRJ regional jet series. The DASHs were developed at De Havilland including the Dash 8 Q series (for Quiet, silent in English) with particularly silent turboprop for takeoff on very short runways allowing use in urban areas. Learjet builds small and medium business aircraft including the Challenger series is from. In November 2012, Bombardier Aerospace signed a firm contract of US $ 3.1 billion with VistaJet, a European luxury aircraft rental company.

The Dash-8 and CRJ commercial aircraft have a similar seating configuration (2 seats on each side of the central aisle), overhead luggage compartments, toilets, and kitchenettes. These devices are good sellers because of their relatively low purchase and operating costs and minimal environmental impact. They made the service between regional airports and those of major transit profitable, which attracted competitors including Embraer from Brazil.

On the specialized aircraft side, the CL-415 water bombers replaced the CL-215s during the 1990s. They are larger and more versatile, are powered by turboprop engines and have very complete electronic equipment.




Latest Magazine

Posted on 18 October 2019
Magazine | Aircrafts & Aviation
With the purpose-built engines, advanced wing style and built-in systems redundancy and robustness that Bombardier international craft is known, the...



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Bombardier Aerospace's Famous Brand Models

BOMBARDIER AEROSPACE'S CURRENT MODELS

  • Learjet 40 XR
  • Learjet 45 XR
  • Learjet 60 XR
  • Challenger 300
  • Challenger 600
  • Challenger 605
  • Challenger 850
  • Global 5000
  • Global Express XRS

Canadian Regional Jets

  • CRJ-100
  • CRJ-200
  • CRJ-440
  • CRJ-700
  • CRJ-705
  • CRJ-900
  • CRJ-1000
  • CS-100
  • CS-300

De Havilland Q-Series Turboprop

  • Dash 8 Q100
  • Dash 8 Q200
  • Dash 8 Q300
  • Dash 8 Q400

BOMBARDIER AEROSPACE'S CURRENT MODELS

  • Learjet 40 XR
  • Learjet 45 XR
  • Learjet 60 XR
  • Challenger 300
  • Challenger 600
  • Challenger 605
  • Challenger 850
  • Global 5000
  • Global Express XRS

Canadian Regional Jets

  • CRJ-100
  • CRJ-200
  • CRJ-440
  • CRJ-700
  • CRJ-705
  • CRJ-900
  • CRJ-1000
  • CS-100
  • CS-300

De Havilland Q-Series Turboprop

  • Dash 8 Q100
  • Dash 8 Q200
  • Dash 8 Q300
  • Dash 8 Q400

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